The Savannah River is a popular spot for boaters, canoe-kayakers, fisherman and other sportmen.
The river provides drinking water to two of Georgia's major metropolitan areas, Augusta and Savannah, and assimilates their treated wastewater. It is also a source of drinking water for the cities of Beaufort and Hilton Head in South Carolina and for many smaller municipalities in the basin.
The Savannah River alsosupplies water for the Savannah River Site, which includes the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, in South Carolina, as well as for the two nuclear reactors of Plant Vogtle, a major electricity-generating facility operated by Georgia Power Company in Burke County.
On the coast, the Savannah River is the shipping channel for the Port of Savannah, the nation's tenth-busiest port for oceangoing container ships, which is operated by the Georgia Ports Authority. In addition, the Middle Savannah River supplies outfalls for chemical plants and other facilities that discharge treated wastes into the river.